With the major shift in Christianity’s geographical center from north to south and west to east, it would be helpful to continue the conversation on what it means to be an Evangelical in the South Korean context. Part of our present understanding of Evangelical identity is based upon historical connections between churches in the United States and South Korea. Another aspect of discovering one’s shared history is by identifying theological roots, the very transmission of a faith confession or structure. By looking at the historical and theological landscape associated with Youngsan’s Fivefold Gospel, it is believed that Evangelical features are prominent with additional Ecumenical possibilities. In order to make a comparison between Youngsan’s Fivefold Gospel and Evangelicalism, we are using the Evangelical “quadrilateral” by David Bebbington. The four points are conversionism, activism, biblicism, and crucicentrism. These points will be lined up with the Fivefold Gospel, item by item, to see the relationship and how it reveals an Evangelical identity. The conclusion will offer a proposal of how the church which is Christ’s body and continues to bear the wounds of suffering and division (divided into rival camps: Ecumenical and Evangelical) can continue in dialogue and mission for the sake of unity.
This paper is an inquiry into demon possession, exorcism and psychopathology. In the history of the belief in demon possession and the practice of exorcism, belief in demons, evil and good spirits, possession, etc have always been part of human belief systems.
Many church fathers testify that exorcism was practised in the various periods of Church History. The Catholic Church and the various Orthodox traditions advocate exorcism. However, it is the rationalism and the emergence of the scientific view of the world that questioned the belief in the demonic. However, the 20th and 21st century has seen a resurgence of these beliefs and practices particularly among Christians.
Since exorcism played an important role in the ministry of Jesus and his disciples, it should have an integral part in the ministry of the Christian Church as well. The paper presents some tentative guidelines as to how the reality that there are two distinct conditions must be incorporated into the pastoral ministry and the missional approach of the contemporary church. Discernment and diagnosis is important in cross-cultural mission situations.
Exorcism, Dissociative Disorders, Demon Posession, Psychopathology, the Bible, Pastoral Approach
Luke 16:14-31 is a connected series of sayings and should be understood with Luke’s larger purpose in mind. Luke writes to encourage persecuted missionary communities who seek to proclaim the gospel to both Jews and Gentiles. Luke defends his communities by correcting their Jewish opponents’ misunderstanding of the Law and the gospel. The key phrase, should be translated, “and all act violently against it [the kingdom]” (v. 16). According to Luke, the Law finds its fulfillment in Jesus, who through his teaching reveals its true intent (v. 18) and through his death and resurrection realizes its greatest hopes (v. 31).
This thesis suggests a particular interest in pneumatological sermons that testify to the Word of God as Living Word of God. The present kingdom of God is accomplished when the inspired Word of God is heard as the Word of God that we have now. The authority of the church comes from the proclamation of God’s Word. When today’s preachers deliver the Words of God’s revelation by speaking of the Bible through the power of the Holy Spirit, then the words that come from the mouths of the preachers are not interpreted as words of humans but as the words of God. When the word of God in the Bible is proclaimed in belief through the power of the Holy Spirit, the sermons of the preacher becomes the “Living Word of God.” For preachers to proclaim the Word of God as a revelation on the pulpit, they must depend on Jesus Christ who is the actuality of revelation, and on leading of the Holy Spirit. Pentecostalism is concerned with the ministry of the Holy Spirit working with the Word to emphasize the present condition of the Word of God. Therefore, this thesis is a pneumatological study of the living Word of God, that is, the sermon, which creates God’s present reign.
The understanding of pneumatological sermons is proclaiming Jesus Christ. To proclaim Jesus Christ, the preacher must proclaim the Bible which holds the revelation, and they must receive the help of the Holy Spirit which gave inspiration to the Bible. When the church reinstates the authority of the Word, then the church can shine the light of God’s word in this corrupted world.
Word of God, Revelation, Holy Spirit, Inspiration of Scripture, Preaching as Proclamation, Pentecostalism
The Edification of the Church as Paul’s Primary Concern in His Defense of Jesus’ Bodily Resurrection and His Apostleship: An Exegetical Analysis of 1 Corinthians 15:1-11
1 Corinthians 15 has been the battle field for the debate regarding the controlling subject of the letter of 1 Corinthians, since it contains Paul’s argument about the resurrection-the single most important subject of Christianity. 1 Corinthians 15:1-11 reveals Paul’s answer to the Corinthians’ question of the validity of physical resurrection. So, some argued that this passage is about Paul’s defense of the Christian doctrine of the bodily resurrection, while others argued that it is more about his defense of the apostleship. It is true that as he says in 1 Corinthians 11:1-2, he delivered with urgency the tradition of Jesus’ death, burial, resurrection and appearance, to the Corinthians as the essential element of his teaching in his Corinthian mission. However, Paul quickly adds his name to the list of those eyewitnesses of the risen Lord (vv. 3-8). By doing so, he can argue that his apostleship is also based upon the same experience of the risen Lord that 12 apostles and James have. However, this is not the end of the story. While Paul is eager to defend the validity of the bodily resurrection of Jesus and then his apostleship, what is at risk from Paul’s perspectives is neither the truth claim of resurrection, nor his apostleship, but the wellbeing of the Corinthian church. Since it is none other than Paul himself that established the Corinthian church on the foundation of Jesus, if his apostleship and the Gospel he preached are found invalid, then, the Corinthian church will also be found invalid. Therefore, I argue that the edification of the Corinthian church is the primary agenda behind his defense of the resurrection and the apostleship in 1 Corinthians 15:1-11.
Edification of the Church, Resurrection, Paul’s Apostleship, Ecclesiological Concern, Eyewitnesses
Re-envisioning the Reformer’s Spirituality, Provisioning the Reformed Spiritual Reality: Toward a Reforming of the Misunderstanding of Martin Luther’s View on the Epistle of James
This article deals with Martin Luther’s understanding of the epistle of James. It is argued that the Reformed Church has understood the reformer’s “justification by faith” only partially. It is to clarify that since Korean Society and Church resemble those of the era of the Reformation, a second great awakening or spiritual reformation is needed in Korea. First, Luther’s spirituality is being dealt with comprehensively within this context. Secondly, it is clarified that Luther’s quote of James as the “epistle of straw” in his first edition of the German New Testament is not his final position. By doing so, it is examining that Luther’s doctrine of justification cannot be understood apart from good works.
In addition to a general inclusive understanding of the spirituality of Martin Luther, a genuine and conclusive diagnosticating of the corruption of the society and churches of Korea can give us a solution to the problem that we have. Luther’s spirituality explains that a Christian is being saved by faith by hearing the word of God, transcending the internal holiness and prayer, and linking to a life of helping neighbors as to the word. This spirituality embraces but also goes beyond the bounds of the contemplative vision of spirituality. It goes to the social participation of loving neighbors. Luther’s understanding of James is not to abandon “justification by faith” and adopt “justification by works” but to assert that a Christian claiming “justification by faith” ought to be “a man of his/her faith.” In his youth, it is true that Luther had doubts regarding the epistle of James. However, in his latter years, he never doubted on the apostleship and canonicity of James. John Calvin agrees with the latter Luther’s position and asserts the epistle of James is last but not least, straw, a constructional part, for the palace of the word and faith.
Spirituality, Justification, Sanctification, Martin Luther, Epistle of Straw, Epistle of James, Justification by Faith, Works of Faith
The Idea of Liberty between Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Stuart Mill for the Understanding of Christian Political Education
This paper compares and contrasts the thoughts of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Stuart Mill in terms of the idea of liberty. Rousseau’s understanding of humanity and liberty is based on his monistic view of general will and social contract, while Mill showed the individualistic view of liberty. Rousseau emphasized the necessity of general will that can bind individuals with submission of people. By contrast, Mill requires of individual liberty-consciousness or the absolute freedom of one’s own opinion. Both identified two contrasting forces as the way to form and maintain a government. While Rousseau illustrated this force as a collective body with one will, but comprised of many persons, Mill defined it as individual liberty, with each person acting on his own will. Christian understanding of humanity as God’s image bearer and fallen nature solves conflict between the two and integrated them with salvific construction of knowledge.
Christian Political Education, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Stuart Mill, General Will, Social Contract, Communitarian, Individual Liberty
A Study of the Rationales for the Feasibility and Necessity of Authentic Forgiveness
This thesis presents four rationales for forgiveness, and concludes that the rationales justify the feasibility and necessity of forgiving acts. Theologically, God’s initiative love demonstrated in Jesus’ words and deeds becomes the foundation for the necessity of human pardon and love. Apart from his agape, Christians do not have any sure base for authentic love of enemy. In a psychological sense, forgivers enjoy invaluable mental benefits such as tranquility, inclusive perspective, and sound discernment. This is one reason why the virtues should be the norm for peaceful hearts and communities. Forgiving approach to enemy leads to divinely intended relations among people, to restoration of alienated humanity, and to jubilee for imperfect living condition. This fact is proved by those who act out the divine agape in their situations.
Forgiveness, Rationales for Forgiveness, Psychological Benefits, Anger, Social Harmony
영산신학저널 제41호 Contributors (printed in order) etc.
41(0) 248-260, 2017
영산신학저널 제41호 Contributors (printed in order) etc.
DOI: Vol.41(No.0) 248-260, 2017
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